Mars is the 4th planet of the solar system, placed between the Earth and Jupiter, and it is the second smallest planet after Mercury. Its name of Red Planet come from the color of the ground who’s principally composed of iron oxide. It’s a desertic planet but mankind has found ice block near the poles. It possesses a low geological activity and only small events occurred time to time. A Martian year makes 669.5 sol so 686.97 days. Its temperature varies from -3°C to -133°C.
Who is curiosity ?
Curiosity is a car-sized robotic rover exploring Gale Crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission. It was launched from Cape Canaveral in 2011 and landed a year later. His mission is to investigate on the Martian climate and geology, to know if the site has ever offered environmental conditions favorable for microbial life and seek for answer for a planetary habitability studies in preparation for future human exploration.